Forms of pores and skin blemishes: know them and learn to deal with them

Pores and skin spots are a typical ailment amongst women and men in dermatology research. Attributable to elements comparable to pimples, solar publicity, medicines, or growing old, they normally have an effect on vanity and require particular care. That is why dermatologists Cláudia Merlo and Paola Pomerantzeff and dermatological beautician Patricia Elias clarify find out how to clear up this downside. Watch!

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What are pores and skin blemishes?

Based on Patricia Elias, a specialist in hyperchromia (the method of forming darkish spots), darkening of the pores and skin happens because of an abnormality within the pure pigmentation of the pores and skin. That’s, it occurs when the melanocytes (cells that produce melanin, chargeable for giving shade and safety to the pores and skin) endure a stimulus, favoring the onset of spots.

Causes of pores and skin blemishes

The change within the pure shade of the pores and skin could be attributable to a number of causes, Patricia Elias lists just a few:

  • Extreme publicity to the solar
  • Adjustments hormones;
  • Pores and skin growing old;
  • burns;
  • insect bites;
  • Contact with citrus fruits;
  • Irritation.

Forms of pores and skin blemishes and therapy

Darkish spots on the pores and skin will not be all the identical and, subsequently, every sort requires a particular therapy. Here’s a little of every of them:


Popularly referred to as age spots, this sort is attributable to extreme solar publicity. Based on the Brazilian Society of Dermatology (SBD), they normally seem on the again of the fingers, neck and again, that are the areas most uncovered to the solar.

“Photo voltaic melanoses are primarily present in areas with higher publicity to the solar, as they’re the results of the cumulative impact of photo voltaic radiation, which happens over time,” provides dermatologist Dr. Claudia Merlo.

Among the many remedies indicated for this kind of stain is the pulsed mild laser, because it is without doubt one of the handiest strategies for lightening resistant stains. As well as, the usage of acids on the pores and skin might also be indicated by the dermatologist.

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As Patricia Elias explains, phytophotodermatosis spots are attributable to the response of citrus fruits in touch with the solar. Additionally based on the specialist, for this case, the indicated remedies are microneedling, intense pulsed mild, ozone remedy, led remedy and particular chemical peels.

“Microneedling is a superb ally for treating blemishes and stimulating their manufacturing pores and skin collagen. The extreme pulsed mild, which acts straight on the factors the place there’s extra melanin, promotes coagulation which renews the realm by lightening the spots. Ozone remedy can be really helpful with the purpose of enhancing the standard of the pores and skin and serving to to dispense with the pigment, ”he explains. As well as, it’s also important to maintain the pores and skin moisturized and to make use of sunscreen in the course of the therapy.

Extreme solar publicity may cause melasma

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Melasma is attributable to the extreme manufacturing of melanin, influenced by genetic, hormonal and solar publicity elements. Based on the Brazilian Society of Dermatology (SBD), it normally seems throughout being pregnant or because of the usage of the contraceptive capsule.

Though there isn’t any treatment, this kind of blemish could be handled with the common use of sunscreen, in addition to whitening lotions with vitamin C and soothing and antioxidant motion, as defined by beautician Patricia Elias.

“It will be significant to not expose your self to the solar in the course of the therapy. Melasma is a tough blemish and requires a variety of care, so it’s all the time essential to hunt out a professional practitioner and hyperchromic specialist to point the suitable therapy, ”she factors out.

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Though its origin can be linked to the cells that produce melanin, this kind of spot is cancerous. “To establish melanoma, take note of moles that meet the ABCDE rule: they’ve asymmetry, irregular edges, a number of colours, diameter higher than 6 mm and irregular evolution,” explains dermatologist Dr. Paola Pomerantzeff.

Additionally based on the physician, when certainly one of these modifications is discovered it can be crucial search a dermatologist to obtain correct analysis and therapy. “We initially carried out the surgical removing of the melanoma, which, relying on the evolution of the situation, could be accompanied by remedies comparable to chemo, radio and immunotherapy,” she explains.

The nevus of Ota

Nevus of Ota is an intensive mole with a brownish, blue, inexperienced and even purplish shade. Though typically confused with spots, it’s crucial to pay attention to this kind of mole, because it can’t enhance in dimension. “It’s not attainable to deal with nevus of Ota with topical whitening cosmetics, and it’s essential to struggle it by the usage of applied sciences such because the Q-Switched laser, which emits vitality that acts precisely on melanocytes”, says the specialist.

pimples spots

Technically referred to as post-inflammatory hyperchromias, these spots, based on Dr. Cláudia Melo, seem on the pores and skin after inflammatory processes attributable to pimples, lesions and procedures comparable to lasers and peels. In contrast to different kinds of stain, on this case it isn’t crucial to hold out the therapy, as they normally disappear over time.

However to assist with the method, you should utilize scrubs and masks. “Another is the white clay masks which, along with being soothing, additionally has detoxifying properties and needs to be combined with filtered water or aloe vera gel, leaving it on for about 20 minutes as soon as per week”, teaches the beautician Patricia Elias. .

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Seek the advice of an skilled

You will need to underline that, no matter the kind of stain, the session of a specialist is crucial to make the analysis and point out the suitable therapy for every case, stopping the onset of extra severe issues. So keep away from self-medication and take note of any indicators that will come up in your physique.

* By Vitoria Rondon

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