Since June 13, Ecuador has been gripped by a revolutionary mobilization. On the name of the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (CONAIE), tens of hundreds of persons are mobilizing throughout the nation, from the coastal area to the Andes and the Amazon. As strikes broke out in transportation and the oil trade, crowds of Ecuadorians, indigenous or not, heeded CONAIE’s name and marched towards the capital, Quito.
The federal government of millionaire Guillermo Lasso has declined any dialogue of CONAIE’s claims. Particularly, this requires value regulation or a moratorium on personal debt. Quite the opposite, whereas Ecuador has been hit onerous by the financial disaster and the pandemic, Lasso faithfully applies the suggestions of the IMF, stepping up austerity measures and privatizations. Final September, for instance, he introduced an “Alternative Creation Legislation” that would scale back inheritance taxes, “facilitate” the labor code and free zones for overseas funding.
In 2019, a mass mobilization led to the reversal of an earlier austerity decree that the then authorities was attempting to implement. Sadly, the mobilization had stopped there. Then a brand new right-wing authorities got here to energy and is attempting to use the identical insurance policies as its predecessor, the one ones that correspond to the pursuits of the bourgeoisie and the imperialists.
A stunning mobilization
Already on June 14, the primary teams of indigenous peoples arrived in Quito, the place they have been subjected to extreme repression. CONAIE’s fundamental chief, Leonidas Iza, was arrested together with many different activists upon his arrival within the capital. Lasso mentioned he needed to problem all “mental and materials perpetrators of acts of violence,” a definition so broad that it legitimizes any repression. All of the extra so for the reason that authorities has equated the demonstrations with “terrorism”.
The military was mobilized and stationed within the historic middle of the capital. Native golf equipment and activists, but additionally public areas, have been occupied by the troopers to forestall them from getting used as assembly locations for the motion. That is the case, for instance, with the park Arbolito or the Home of Tradition. On June 17, the federal government declared a state of emergency and launched a curfew and media censorship.
Nevertheless, the motion didn’t again down. As town middle was militarized, college students occupied the college to carry rallies there. Blockades have been arrange on the streets to forestall the arrival of military reinforcements, and a few movies even present police retreating within the face of demonstrators on the streets of Quito. Lastly, on June 15, the mobilization managed to acquire the discharge of Leonidas Iza. He instantly referred to as for the struggle to proceed.
CONAIE leaders have additionally reiterated their opposition to any dialogue with the federal government so long as the repression continues. The motion shouldn’t be restricted to the natives (who nonetheless make up between 25% and 40% of the nation’s inhabitants), however aligns itself with college students and unions. A common strike has been referred to as for Wednesday 22 June. That day, demonstrators tried to occupy Parliament to drive the federal government to again down. Police repression was violent and one protester was killed. It’s the fourth for the reason that starting of the motion, not counting a whole bunch of wounded.
The mobilization in Ecuador is at a crossroads: on the one hand the Lasso authorities, which defends the pursuits of the bourgeoisie and appears unwilling to yield; alternatively, the mass motion that’s starting to arrange. A “in style meeting” was held in Quito on Thursday, at which it was determined to proceed the mobilization till victory. It is a step in the precise course. Assemblies of this sort should be organized throughout the nation as a way to construction the motion on the nationwide degree and faithfully signify the need of the plenty and staff. In an effort to cope with the repression, we additionally need to revisit the expertise of the 2019 motion: At the moment, a “native guard” was organized to guard the demonstrators. It should be put again on its toes to resist the assaults of the military and the police.
Lastly, the expertise gained for the reason that 2019 motion exhibits that no bourgeois authorities will undertake insurance policies aside from Lasso’s. Within the present scenario of world financial disaster, capitalism can now not make lasting concessions to staff, particularly in a rustic topic to imperialism like Ecuador. If the present motion is content material with receiving guarantees from the federal government, it can attempt to purchase time to return to the assault as soon as the mobilization has subsided. In an effort to actually meet their calls for and lead a good life, the employees and indigenous folks of Ecuador should put together themselves to take energy into their very own arms.