Brazil has reached the historic milestone of 1 million photo voltaic methods put in on roofs, facades and small plots, including 10.6 gigawatts (GW) of energy, in line with the Brazilian Photovoltaic Photo voltaic Power Affiliation (Absolar).
Absolar’s Distributed Technology Working Group coordinator Guilherme Susteras explains in an interview with Brasil61.com that rising electrical energy costs, entry to self-generation know-how, and the inhabitants’s consciousness of sustainability are driving photo voltaic installations to develop exponentially. in Brazil in recent times.
In keeping with him, its personal power manufacturing brings environmental, financial and social advantages to the nation, which is the three pillars of sustainability. Distributed technology reduces prices, manages the native economic system and creates jobs, in addition to decreasing the necessity to activate thermoelectric energy vegetation and power transmission losses.
Guilhermes Susteras additionally talks in regards to the improvements of the authorized framework for distributed technology (Regulation 14.300/2022), which brings authorized certainty to its power producers.
Try the interview:
Brazil61: What explains this development in photo voltaic power?
Absolar coordinator, Guilherme Sustera: “Brazil has its personal energy technology system since 2012, however really it is a market that has began to develop quickly since 2016. We seen that yearly the market nearly doubles its dimension. And I might say there are three important components that result in this exponential development. The primary issue is expounded to the rise within the power tariff. As soon as maybe the fourth or fifth main merchandise in the price of a enterprise or a house, electrical energy has now develop into maybe the primary or second merchandise. And we received the information that the tariff has elevated twice as a lot as inflation within the final 5 years. So really the rise in power is driving individuals to search for increasingly more alternate options to regulate this value. You even have a relentless tendency to decrease the price of know-how. Photovoltaic solar energy technology relies on the silicon trade and, like cell phones and computer systems, advantages vastly from scale. Subsequently, the extra individuals worldwide set up photo voltaic PV methods, the cheaper it will likely be to supply the following system. And we have seen 5% to 10% value reductions per 12 months over the past ten years; in anticipation that it’s going to proceed to say no. The third issue is that individuals are changing into increasingly more interested by sustainability and are beginning to understand that they will take motion, too. As individuals see that it is a actuality, that that is out of this world, that this isn’t rocket science, that it’s accessible to everybody, individuals understand that it really works, new firms are created to serve the market, and that is it. It is getting simpler and simpler to rent individuals.”
Brazil61: By what number of p.c will the solar energy system scale back the worth of the electrical energy invoice?
Absolar coordinator, Guilherme Sustera: “All of it relies on the modality you be part of. So should you’re a small or medium-sized house and you put in a system by yourself roof, you possibly can minimize nearly all of that invoice. Virtually 95%, as a result of it’s a must to proceed to pay the minimal consumption to the concessionaire, which the distributor calls the supply payment. However there are different methods we name distant management, the place you need not have a panel by yourself roof, however the place you might have a photo voltaic farm and also you get that power remotely, by the concessionaire’s community. There’s a widespread modality wherein you and different individuals take part on this initiative, or there’s a modality of distant self-consumption the place this initiative is yours alone. That is typical, for instance, for giant retail chains of telecommunications firms which have a facility to serve their antennas or shops. On this case, we have already seen a discount of between 5% and 25%. However on this second case there isn’t a funding in any respect.”
Brazil61: We won’t assist however speak in regards to the environmental influence. Why is photo voltaic power thought of clear power?
Absolar coordinator, Guilherme Sustera: “The wonderful thing about distributed photo voltaic is that it gives two monumental advantages from an environmental viewpoint. Within the power market, manufacturing and consumption should be immediately balanced. Subsequently, the Nationwide System Operator (ONS) assures that the quantity of power injected into the grid by all producers in Brazil each second and the quantity of power acquired from the grid by all customers in Brazil have to be strictly equal. seconds second. So once you produce your individual solar energy at your house, firm or farm, ONS understands that it may cease utilizing one other plant elsewhere. And it ceases to make use of the most costly energy plant, that are thermoelectric energy stations; They’re additionally probably the most polluting. And the second associated profit is that once you get these generations by giant energy vegetation, that power needs to be transported to customers. And this power travels 1000’s of kilometers. For instance, should you suppose from the Itaipu manufacturing facility to the middle of São Paulo, it is a thousand kilometers. The higher the gap, the higher the losses on this power transmission. So once you cease remotely bringing in power and producing your individual power, you not solely cease utilizing the most costly and polluting power from thermoelectric energy vegetation, however you additionally assist scale back the losses of your complete system. And since sustainability is a tripod – it needs to be environmental, financial and social – from an financial standpoint, this energy technology generates personal funding, no public cash. And this personal funding drives your complete native economic system. An individual who lives within the inside of Mato Grosso and installs a photo voltaic system on his roof hires an organization inside Mato Grosso to do that set up. And the cash that that particular person in Mato Grosso stops from spending electrical energy begins to spend on the services in Mato Grosso. And the related optimistic social influence is job creation. Photo voltaic power is the power supply that creates probably the most employment. For each megawatt of put in power, there are nearly 25 jobs. And throughout Brazil there are greater than 20,000 firms working on this market. Subsequently, the optimistic influence of photo voltaic power is on the three pillars of sustainability: environmental, financial and social.”
Brazil61: How does the authorized framework for distributed technology (Regulation 14.300/2022) promote photo voltaic set up in Brazil?
Absolar coordinator, Guilherme Sustera: “The authorized framework within the photovoltaic photo voltaic trade has been a battle for years, as a result of your complete marketplace for self-generation of energy from all sources, particularly photo voltaic photovoltaics, which makes up the overwhelming majority of this market, was primarily based on a basis. resolution rules of the Nationwide Electrical Energy Company (Aneel) that may be modified in a single day; was really about to occur. Subsequently, the introduction of the authorized framework for self-generation brings a lot fascinating authorized certainty to all individuals who wish to generate their very own power. And it ensures that any rule change should endure vast debate by the group and isn’t restricted to the pseudo-technical setting of a regulatory company. This authorized framework subsequently protects early adopters. It assures first believers within the know-how, those that spend money on their methods, that the power compensation rule will stay fixed for the time required to amortize the funding by 2045, which is 25 years of funding. It explicitly creates a mechanism to calculate. all the advantages that distributed technology brings to the system. Subsequently, the discount of thermoelectric energy vegetation, the discount of losses, the postponement of investments, this array of advantages must be digitized. The regulation requires Aneel to carry out this measurement. And it units a transition interval for brand spanking new methods to begin paying some for the usage of the community, technically named TUSD Wire B.
Brazil61: In accordance with the authorized framework for distributed technology, present shopper models will have the ability to proceed to get pleasure from the advantages offered by Aneel for one more 25 years by the Electrical Power Balancing System. Can it’s stated that this assist is a burden to different customers?
Absolar coordinator, Guilherme Sustera: “That is precisely what Absolar has identified from the very starting of the dialogue. There are virtually no subsidies, as a result of in actuality, what customers who produce their very own power do not pay to distributors is offset by the fee discount brought on by this self-production. We do analysis and evaluation, however we do not simply use it as a thermoelectric gasoline – will develop into even increased tariff flags for customers – overpaying for any quantity our personal turbines can not pay distributors. Subsequently, this calculation by Aneel is necessary for determining what the honest worth would really must be paid to make zero zero. “We do not need subsidies. We all know it needs to be honest. However we do not wish to pay greater than we now have to pay.”
Brazil61: How can giant customers, comparable to trade, profit from the authorized framework of distributed technology?
Absolar coordinator, Guilherme Sustera: “Actually, main power customers have had their very own power technology frameworks for a few years. As a result of they will select to enter the free power market. And within the free power market there may be the determine of self-production of power. Subsequently, many of those giant power customers already profit from photo voltaic power by giant amenities, which we name centralized technology, to fulfill their calls for. The primary distinction is that should you be part of the distributed technology authorized framework, your plant does not essentially must be in your roof; It may very well be at a distant photo voltaic farm. Nevertheless it have to be in the identical electrical energy distribution firm the place you might be positioned. However, if you’re a big trade and within the free power market, this may very well be anyplace in Brazil so long as your facility is linked to the Nationwide Interconnected System. And lots of of those giant industries with solar energy vegetation in Bahia, Paraíba, Piauí, Ceará are harnessing this power in São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, and so on. Subsequently, giant power customers already profit from their very own power manufacturing and from all sources. Traditionally hydro, then wind and now extra lately photo voltaic. However these are a lot bigger vegetation.”
Absolar Guilherme Susteras Coordinator – Photograph: Private Archive